ker(ǝ)-3

ker(ǝ)-3
    ker(ǝ)-3
    English meaning: to burn
    Deutsche Übersetzung: “brennen, glũhen, heizen”
    Material: O.Ind. kūḍ ayüti ‘sengt” (*kr̥̄-d-, i.e. *kerǝ-d-); nasalized kuṇḍatē “burns”; about kuṣüku-, kaṣǘku- see under; dubious Lat. carbō, -ōnis m. “coal” (IE *ker-dhō?), from Specht IE Decl. 266 zur color root ker- (*ker-bhō?) placed; Goth. haúri n. “coal”, O.Ice. hyrr m. “fire” (*hurja-, IE *ker-i̯o-); O.H.G. herd, O.S. herth, O.E. heorð ‘stove, hearth”; O.H.G. harsta “frixura”, gahurstit “frixus”, M.L.G. harst “Rost (zum Braten)”, O.E. hierstan “roast”, hierstepanne “Bratpfanne”; Lith. kuriù, kùrti “heizen”, kūré nti “continual heizen”, kùrstyti ‘schũren”, Ltv. kur”u (kurstu), kurt, frequent. kur̃stît, kurinât “heizen”, O.C.S. kurjǫ, kuriti sę ‘smoke”, kurenьje “Kohlenfeuer” etc.; Balt kūr-, Slav. kur-, mũßten by this interpretation Ablautsneubildungen to *kŭr from a IE reduplication-grade o sein; eine other interpretation under (s)ker- “cut, clip”; Ltv. cęri “Glutsteine”, cęras “Inbrunst”, cerêt “lieben, sehnen, hoffen”; Russ. čeren ‘salzpfanne the Salzsiedereien”, Clr. čereń “bottom of Back- and Kochofens, Feuerherd”, Pol. trzon ‘stove, hearth”; Lith. kárštas “hot”, kar̃štis “heat”, Ltv. kar̂sts “hot”, kar̂sêt “erhitzen”, (*kor-s-); wherefore as ‘stormy, hot tempered” also Lith. ker̃štas “rage, fury”, kerùs, kerìngas “zornvoll”, kir̃šti “zornig become”; probably to O.Ind. kuṣüku- “ burning; fire, sun” and kaṣüku- “fire, sun” (both mind. from *kr̥šüku-; compare Arm. xaršem “cook, burn” from intensive *khr̥s-); compare Mũhlenbach-Endzelin Ltv.-D. Wb. I 375, II 164. A cognate root form krü-s- as “Feuerglanz, blaze, glow”, from which partly “red”, partly “luminous, bright, beautiful”, in O.C.S. krasa “venustas, pulchritudo”, Russ. krasá “beauty, Zierde, jewellery”, O.C.S. krasьnъ “beautiful, pleasant, white gekleidet”, Russ. krásnyj “red, beautiful”, Cz. krásnū “beautiful”, old also “licht, gleaming” and “reddish” (etc.); Ltv. krüsus “beautiful” is Russ. Lw. Maybe Alb. kreshnik “noble man, lord” Ein from ker- widened *k(e)r-em- seeks man in Lat. cremō, -üre “verbrennen (tr.)”, Umbr. krematra pl. *crematra “kind of vessel zum Braten of Fleisches, Braten”; in addition as “Decoct” also cremor “the from aufgeweichten Getreidekörnern or otherwise from Pflanzen gewonnene juice, sap, porridge, mash”; further Gaul. κόρμα, κοῦρμι, O.Ir. coirm n., M.Welsh cwrwf, O.Corn. coref, coruf “beer”, wherefore perhaps O.Ind. karam-b(h)á- m. “Grũtze, porridge, mash”, kulmüṣ a- m. ‘sour mucus from Frũchten, sour Reisschleim”; compare further Toch. В kark-, kärk- “fry, roast”.
    References: WP. I 418 f., WH. I 165 f., 287 f.

Proto-Indo-European etymological dictionary. 2015.

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